Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your periodontist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.
Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth!
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two regular cleanings will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings.
If the disease has progressed , and minimal bone loss is evident a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing may be recommended. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing). Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric tooth brush may be recommended to help control infection and healing.
However, if the pockets depths and bone loss are significant, periodontal surgery may be needed to obtain complete periodontal health.